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Dissemination and Implementation Research: NCCIH Interests

NCCIH is participating in the NIH Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health Funding Opportunity Announcements (FOAs): 

R01 PAR-19-274: 
Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health (R01 Clinical Trial Optional)

R21 PAR-18-275: 
Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health (R21 Clinical Trial Optional)

[Please refer to the NIH Guide for any changes or updates to these FOAs.]

The NCCIH held an expert panel meeting on implementation and de-implementation methodologies for complementary health approaches on December 10, 2019. This panel consisted of a combination of experts in implementation science and/or complementary health interventions.

View the meeting summary:

For the purposes of these FOAs, Dissemination Research is defined as the scientific study of targeted distribution of information and intervention materials to a specific public health or Clinical Practice audience. The intent is to understand how best to spread and sustain knowledge and the associated evidence-based interventions. Implementation Research is defined as the scientific study of the use of strategies to adopt and integrate evidence-based health interventions into clinical and community settings in order to improve patient outcomes and benefit population health.

Following from these definitions, for applications responding to the Dissemination and Implementation FOAs, NCCIH is especially interested in studies investigating the following:

  • Studies that compare various implementation strategies for standardized outcomes monitoring measures in health care settings that incorporate complementary approaches for pain management
  • Utilization of data systems or electronic medical record elements to assess adherence to evidence-based clinical practice guidelines that incorporate complementary approaches in various patient care or community settings
  • Implementation research in relation to providers such as N.D.s, D.O.s, and D.C.s including, but not limited to studies on:
    • adherence to best practice guidelines for pain or other symptom management and/or known beneficial health-related behaviors such as childhood vaccination, exercise, healthy weight maintenance;
    • barriers to implementation of best practice guidelines for these providers and patients who see such providers;
    • identification of effective approaches to enhance implementation and promotion of best practice guidelines in patient care settings where providers such as N.D.s, D.O.s, and D.C.s are providing care
  • Studies comparing strategies to incorporate patient-reported outcomes (e.g., PROMIS measures) into electronic health records in a variety of clinical settings

Researchers are highly encouraged to use an implementation science conceptual framework to guide their approach. The Fogarty International Center maintains a comprehensive list of frameworks online.

Please refer to our strategic plan, 2016 Strategic Plan: Exploring the Science of Complementary and Integrative Health, for information about our research priorities.